The Alliance for the Defeat of Citizenship Taxation, a non-profit corporation registered in Canada, wants to move forward with a lawsuit targeting Citizenship Taxation in U.S. federal District Court.
At present ADCT is NOT accepting donations. We estimate legal costs of U.S. $200,000 to take litigation through U.S. Court of Appeals. If interested in possibility of being a major donor (minimum donation $US50,000), please contact ADCT at email@example.com.
Our lawsuit will focus on the core doctrine of “Citizenship Taxation” which serves as the basis for the extraterritorial reach of U.S. tax obligations as well as the annual financial reporting requirements imposed upon permanent residents and citizens of other countries. The litigation will also seek to overturn other U.S. laws made applicable to persons who may have been born in the United States but have long since had little or no nexus to United States. In addition, the legal action would challenge the excessive costs and time delays imposed on those seeking to abandon U.S. citizenship.
The Directors of the
Alliance for the Defeat of Citizenship Taxation (www.citizenshiptaxation.ca) 283 College Street, P.O. Box 67678 Toronto, Ontario, CANADA M5T 3M1
Great questions, plaxy. We are possibly entering uncharted territory, as the US has never seemed interested in pursuing individuals residing outside the US in the past (except in special circumstances, like Mr Dewees). Perhaps they’d feel differently about corporations, especially if the IRS confirms that the transition tax also applies to overseas small businesses owned by overseas Americans who don’t bring corporate profits back to the states.
One has to wonder how they came up with the transition tax rate as an offset. Did they take into consideration the number of 5471’s on file? They would most certainly would have included those submitted by non-resident US taxpayers.
BB – Isn’t this transition tax deemed to be income received by the individual? If so, the IRS can’t ask Canada to collect. They could of course confiscate US source income/assets but that seems unlikely.
The question is, if the corporation does any business in the US, might it causr problems if the owner was not in good standing with the IRS?
“One has to wonder how they came up with the transition tax rate as an offset. Did they take into consideration the number of 5471’s on file? ”
No. If you look back over the years at the documents proposing this transition tax, there’s explanations and rationalisations for the rate. It’s not based on how many taxpayers they think they can screw. I’ll repost some links later.
2011, Susan B. Morse, long discussion on effective rate for transition tax.
Also of interest in this paper: “Constitutional Boundaries for Retroactive Taxes”, p. 562
2014, Morse, http://taxprof.typepad.com/files/73ti0629.pdf
2017, “Getting from here to there: the transition tax issue” https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/31958204/155tn0069-Fleming.pdf?sequence=1
2017, Morse, “Taxing the $2.5 Trillion”, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2922145
As can be seen, Ms Morse is quite the go-to academic when it comes to thinking up justifications for treaty overrides.
This seems (to my non-legal-expert reading) to suggest that there is concern about whether a retroactive transition tax could risk a constitutional challenge. The author decides it should be safe to tax multinationals retroactively, but perhaps it wouldn’t be so safe to tax retroactively a US citizen individual?
I wonder if this is why the Republicans have taken the trouble to mention that the fixit bill might address the problematic issue of the retroactive taxation of the unwarranted retroactive taxation of US citizens living outside the US, either by removing the FEIE cap, or by making use of the existing rules for taxation of NRAs.
Lifting the FEIE cap would be a very easy way to avoid the risk that a US citizen individual might pay the whopping demand in accordance with accountant advice, and then sue in a US court.
@plaxy – The transition tax wouldn’t be on earned income, so FEIE won’t help unless they extend it to unearned income; and if they do that and remove the cap – then essentially you have RBT. In that case, revenue would be higher if they taxed non-resident citizens as if they were NRAs.
Karen – “The transition tax wouldn’t be on earned income, so FEIE won’t help unless they extend it to unearned income;”
Yes, thanks for the correction. Slipped my mind that they would be deeming the deemed income to have been unearned.
I was probably off the track anyway in speculating that they might be concerned about the risk of a constitutional challenge; since Morse made those comments, it appears SCOTUS has moved much further in the direction of upholding retroactive taxation.
A lot “may” happen here. Could be a busy Christmas season for cross border accounting firms:
@John Richardson, Carol Tapanila, Patricia Moon, Stephen Kish
Thank you so very much for your efforts. They offer hope to me and to many, and are a light in the darkness. I wish you the very best this Christmas and in the years to come! Thank you so much!
Thank you for your kind words and your support. Without that, we could do nothing!
Merry Christmas!! Happy New Year!!